Road trips are great fun, but it’s important you are ready for anything. With that in mind, you might be wondering how to prepare a car for a road trip.
Thankfully, there are a few simple steps you can take to avoid any nasty vehicle problems along the way.
In this article, I’ll give you everything you need to know so you can hit the road with confidence.
We will cover 10 simple steps that will allow you to check your vehicle before a long journey.
How to Prepare a Car For a Road Trip in 10 simple Steps
I’ve compiled 10 simple steps to prepare a car for a road trip. They’re easy to follow and will ensure your dream vacation goes without a hitch. They might even save you money on your road trip! You can use them as your road trip checklist.
To make your pre-trip car inspection even easier, some of the points have videos you can watch, with simple instructions from mechanical experts.
Taking a road trip with someone else? Share this article with them so you can prepare your car together!
1. Prepare all your essential documents
Check you have your owner’s manual!! This contains essential information on your vehicle including how to top up fluids, how to jump-start your car if the battery dies, and what to do if the engine overheats.
We will refer to it quite a lot in this article.
Can’t find the original copy for your vehicle?
You can download one online.
Almost all manufacturers make their owner’s manuals available on their own sites. Failing that, you can use Just Give Me The Damn Manual, which archives and shares owner’s manuals. Just search with your car make, model and year.
License and car insurance
Check your license plate and insurance are still well within the expiration date. You may need these documents at some point during your trip so put them in a safe place and keep them there, the glove compartment for example.
Roadside assistance can be as cheap as $5 per month.
This can really in the case of a flat tire, a dead battery or anything worse going wrong and causing you to break down.
Ensure you have your roadside documents in your glove compartment.
How to Get Roadside Assistance
The American Automobile Association (AAA) offers well-known and reliable breakdown cover.
Enter Your Postal/Zip code to find your local AAA/CAA club and helpful roadside assistance.
2. Pack emergency items
Make a Road Trip Packing List and include emergency items. Ensuring you have everything you need is an integral part of how to prepare a car for a road trip.
Key Items to Include
- Jerry can
When traveling long distances in remote areas, it’s a good idea to fill up your tank AND a jerry can whenever you come across a gas station
- Roadside emergency kit: A car emergency kit is designed to cover you for any eventuality.
They typically contain Jumper Cables, Tire Sealer-Inflator Light Sticks, Reflective Vest, Rain Poncho, Warning triangle, Whistle, Tire Pressure Gauge, etc.
- First Aid Kit – This should contain at minimum band-aids, sterilising wipes, bandages, scissors, pain killers, medication
And depending on whether you’re driving in Winter conditions and/or across rough terrain:
- Snow chains
- Towing rope
3. Check Your Tires
There are 3 things you need to check with your tires: pressure, tread and your spare tire.
Let’s break them down:
Check the tire pressure
Make sure your tire pressure is correct according to the guidelines set out for your vehicle in the manual. The tire itself will also have the maximum pressure written on it.
How to check tire pressure
Use a pressure gauge. You can either buy your own to take along on your trip (handy for travel in remote areas) or find one at a gas station. These usually require some change to operate.
Use the gauge at the gas station to read the pressure in your tires then top up to the correct level!
The recommended pressure is indicated on the tire pressure sticker. In most vehicles, you’ll find this on the driver’s door frame. Alternatively, it is in the owner’s manual.
Add or take out air accordingly.
Check the tire tread
It’s unsafe to drive on tires with too much tread wear.
So, what does this mean?
You need to check your tires all still have ample tread before setting off!
The Penny Method:
Check your spare tire
Finally, check the spare tire over. If it’s a full-size tire (the same as the others), the pressure should also be the same. If it’s a smaller temporary-use tire, the pressure is indicated on the sidewall of the tire.
Once again, if unsure, the owner’s manual will give you the exact amount.
Check you know how to remove your spare tire – especially if it’s stored underneath your vehicle and not in the trunk.
Check you have a working jack and a lug nut wrench.
Need a reminder on how to change a tire?
Get some revision in here:
4. Test Your Lights
It goes without saying that your car lights are essential to safe driving. While easily fixed if not working, it’s important to check them all before you go.
Turn them on!
Get someone else to confirm that each light is properly working. If any aren’t in working order, ensure to replace the bulbs before you leave.
- Headlights (inc. full beam)
- Blinkers (indicators)
- Brake lights
- Hazard lights
- Reverse lights
- Fog lights
A spare bulb might not be a bad idea, especially if you won’t be traveling near any auto shops during your vacation. If you need to replace a bulb on the road, refer to your owner’s manual for full instructions.
5. Check Your Windshield Wipers
You need to be able to see when you drive, right?
It’s an awful feeling when you’re caught in a storm while driving and can’t see anything because your wipers aren’t in working order.
Fortunately, it’s simple to check and easy to replace them if they’re worn out.
If your road trip car still has the original wipers, you can simply replace the rubber refills. They are much less expensive.
They can be purchased from any Auto shop.
Use a towel or something soft to protect the windshield. The arms can spring back and crack the windshield.
Need instructions on how to change them over?
Find them here:
6. Test your brakes
Checking your brakes is an important part of getting the car ready for your big trip. You can’t drive without them!
How do you check your brakes?
Take your car for a drive and listen carefully when braking. Listen/look out for any of the below:
- Squeaking noises
- Scraping noises
- A burning smell
- Brake pedal going all the way to the floor
If you have any of these symptoms, it could be time to replace the brake pads so get your car checked over at the garage. None of the above but still unsure? It doesn’t hurt to have a mechanic or brake specialist confirm that you’re good to go!
7. Check Your Fluids (and top up if necessary)
Check your fluids to see if they need to be topped up or if it’s time for a change.
When checking fluid levels, ensure you are parked on level ground for accurate readings!
Fluids you should check:
1) Engine oil
How to check your engine oil:
- Turn off your engine and wait 10 to 15 minutes for it to cool.
NB. You may have heard that you should check your oil when the engine is cold. This actually depends on your car. Some manufacturers have changed the dipstick to read correctly even when the engine is warm. Your owner’s manual will give you the specifics.
- Open the bonnet and remove the engine oil dipstick. It usually has a red or orange tab.
- Wipe the dipstick with a clean rag or paper towel.
- Reinsert the dipstick. Give it a second and then remove it again.
- Review the oil level using the markers toward the bottom – these will tell you if your engine oil is low, high, or at a decent level.
- If your oil is low, you should top it up. Your owner’s manual or your local auto shop will tell you what type of oil to use.
- Check the color and consistency of the oil on the stick. If your oil looks black, thick, gritty, or milky, it is no longer effective and is time for a change. Your local garage will do this.
Check out this helpful video for more information on checking your engine oil:
2) Radiator coolant
Without enough coolant, your engine will overheat. Check the engine coolant level in the clear(ish) tank. The coolant level should be between “Low” and “Full” marks. Your owner’s manual will have more instructions if you cannot find it.
Be aware of your coolant being a “rusty” color as this can indicate a problem with its function.
If the coolant level is a little low, top it up. Your local Auto shop will be able to recommend which coolant you should use.
If traveling in Winter, you’ll need a special type of coolant that won’t freeze in cold temperatures! Include this in your Winter Road Trip Packing List.
If the level is well below the “Low” mark, get your vehicle checked for leaks. These should be fixed before you set off.
3) Windshield washer fluid
Check you have ample fluid in the windshield washer fluid reservoir. In certain countries, it is actually illegal to drive with this empty as it impacts safety. Therefore, this is an important part of preparing your car for a road trip.
To fill up the washer fluid you need to purchase it from an auto shop or garage. You will then mix it with water and insert it in the correct container.
You can also pick some up online.
Once again, if traveling during winter, you’ll need some washer that won’t freeze in sub-zero temperatures.
4) Power steering fluid, Brake fluid, Transmission fluid
Follow the next tip and your mechanic will check these 3 essential fluids for you…
8. Take your car for a service
Taking your car for a service and spending a small amount of money on a tune-up before you leave could save you money in the long run.
Having to cut your road trip short due to an easily preventable car repair is not fun.
Believe me, I broke down 100 miles into my 4000-mile road trip in Australia.
Review your service schedule within your service booklet to find out if you are due a service. I recommend a service before a lengthy road trip!
It’s one thing to prepare your car as best you can for your road trip, but a qualified mechanic can check things you simply can’t without a lift and proper equipment.
For example, they can accurately check your fluids, filters, hoses, belts, brakes, steering, suspension etc.
These simple checks can also save you from getting a pricey ticket for something not working properly.
Auto shops and garages frequently offer a “service” which includes a safety inspection along with an oil and filter change.
Book a service in advance (at least 2 weeks prior to your trip). That way, if there are any major issues, you will have enough time to get them fixed and ensure your car is safe to drive.
9. Ensure the A/C/Heating is working
Test out your air-conditioning to check it’s running properly and pumping out cold air.
You want to be comfortable I assume?
But that’s not all…
The air conditioner doesn’t just cool the inside of the car. In fact, you still need to check this even if you’re not traveling during the summer.
It also removes humidity and prevents the windshield from fogging up in rainy or cold weather. Check you can get the blowers on to de-mist your car when necessary.
Finally, it goes without saying that heating is important if traveling in winter conditions. Test this out to make sure it is working before you go.
10. Clean your car
Give your car a nice clean-up.
If you’re going to be traveling over some rough or muddy roads, feel free to skip cleaning the outside. But at least clean and clear out the inside.
You will be much more comfortable once you’re on the road and will be able to pack easily organize everything.
If you really want to get your vehicle looking as good as new you could consider this car cleaning kit
So, there you have it.
Now you know exactly how to prepare a car for a road trip.
But we’d also like to hear from you.
Which tip did you find the most useful?
Or is there anything else you like to do to prepare a car for a road trip?
Either way, leave a comment below and let us know!
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